• Physician subspecialty certification approved by American Board of Medical Specialties in 2011 (Detmer & Shortliffe, 2014), based on core curriculum (Gardner et al., 2009) and training requirements (Safran et al., 2009)

Needed or desired for others? AMIA Health Informatics Certification (AHIC) Task Force has developed plans for certification of other health professionals in informatics (Gadd, Williamson, Steen, & Fridsma, 2016)